The dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) is a photovoltaic converter that mimics natural photosynthesis. Like green plants and algae it uses a molecular absorber, the dye, to harvest sunlight and generate electric charges. Dyesensitized solar cells are poised to replace existing technologies in "low density" solar-energy applications, especially in contexts where mechanical robustness and light weight is required. // http://www.epflpress.com/livres/EPFL978-2-940222-36-0.html
Thin-film solar cell technologies based on large areas are particularly well-suited to applications in the building industry. These applications of BIPV consist mainly of photovoltaic roofs and facades, and generally are grid-connected. // http://www.polytechpress.com/thin-film-silicon-solar-cells/#
Solar energy / Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells - Michael Grätzel / http://www.epflpress.com/livres/EPFL978-2-940222-36-0.html The dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) is a photovoltaic converter that mimics natural photosynthesis. Like green plants and algae it uses a molecular absorber, the dye, to harvest sunlight and generate electric charges.
The market for photovoltaic solar cells can be divided broadly into two categories with the largest share for large-area installations intended for power generation. A smaller but growing share is based on small-area solar cells (sub-modules, typically < 100 cm2) for use in portable electronics such as laptops, solar bathroom balances, mobile-phone chargers, solar garden lamps and similar uses. Development work has been taking place in both areas.
http://www.epflpress.com/livres/EPFL978-2-940222-49-0.html Photovoltaic technology has now developed to the extent that it is close to fulfilling the vision of a "solar-energy world," as devices based on this technology are becoming efficient, low-cost and durable.
Laureate 2010: Michael Grätzel // An important point to note in photovoltaic cell studies is the size of the solar cells being examined. Nearly all fundamental and optimization studies in laboratories use small-area cells with illumination area of ≤ 1 cm2. Panels are formed by combining several modules. Solar cells in general are sold in the form of sub-modules, modules and panels. The term solar array refers to using several large area solar panels in large-area field installations.