Thomas Ustick Walter; United States Capitol Dome, Section,1855. By 1854, Walter convinced both the President and the Congress that the old Bulfinch dome was out of proportion with the significantly larger building. The devasting consequences of the Library of Congress fire caused Congress to look at even more pressing reasons for its replacement. One congressman noted the “dome over the center building of this Capitol…invites fire. There is a nest of dried materials there...that seems almost to
The first inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as the 16th President of the United States took place on March 4, 1861 on the eve of American Civil War. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of Abraham Lincoln as President and Hannibal Hamlin as Vice President.
Located north of the Capitol Rotunda is the richly decorated Old Senate Chamber. Designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, this room was home to the U.S. Senate from 1819 until 1859 and later to the U.S. Supreme Court from 1860-1935. Today the restored Chamber is used primarily as a museum, recreating the scene of many significant moments in the evolution of the United States Senate and the legislative history of the nation.