Famous Jews and Famous Jewish People
Baruch Spinoza (November 24, 1632 - February 21, 1677). Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, Holland in a community of Portuguese Jews of Sephardic Jewish descent. His writings on rationalism, many of which were published posthumously, reveal substantial mathematical training. Spinoza's most influential work was his Ethics, a work that established him as one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.
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Martha Nussbaum (b. 1947). American. Works with ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, political philosophy, intersections of philosophy and literature, and ethics, including animal rights. Author of The Fragility of Goodness (1986), Poetic Justice (1996), Sex and Social Justice with Juha Sihvola (1998), The Sleep of Reason (2002), Hiding From Humanity: Disgust, Shame, and the Law (2004), and Frontiers of Justice: Disability, Nationality, Species Membership (2006). [Photo by Steve Pyke]
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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) was a German philosopher, scientist, mathematician and logician. Leibniz invented the binary number system, which is used today as the foundation of basically all digital computers. He was also known for developing infinitesimal calculus and a widely used mathematical notation system.