The Javanese were the third group indentured workers in Suriname and arrived in 1890. Slavery had been abolished in 1863 and the Indian indentured workers (who arrived in 1853) claimed their rights and the government therefore found them difficult to handle. They wanted other "quiet and obedient" workers and decided to bring workers from Java and Indonesia. After their contract expired, the Javanese were given the opportunity to return to their own country for free. Only a quarter returned.