Runes-letters modified from Phoenician alphabet. Runic was often written without spaces between words & where 2 of the same letter sat beside each other only one would be used. It was written both from left to right & right to left. It was mainly used to label items with the owner's name & was considered magical as most people were illiterate & did not understand the concept of symbols representing sounds. This also led to their use in fortune telling.
Nordo-Celtic knot symbolizing the Drakkar longships paired with the central Icelandic Vegvisir ("sign post"), which is a type of late medieval bind-rune that was a magic sigil to prevent the bearer from getting "lost in the storm". The Vegvisir is often erroneously identified as a Viking-age rune.