During the rise of VOC (Dutch East India Company) power starting in the century, many Javanese were exiled, enslaved or hired as mercenaries to Dutch colonies of Ceylon in South Asia and the Cape colony in South Africa.
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Een jonge Javaan te Semarang Java 1913 - Java - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A teenager in Java wearing traditional Javanese attire: blangkon headgear, batik sarong and kris as accessory.
Danse Wajang Topeng vers 1870 . Een Wajang Topeng danseres. The costumes, jewelry and story, often reflects or based on Hindu epic tales of Ramayana and Mahabharata. Javanese dance is usually associated with courtly, refined and sophisticated culture of the Javanese kratons, such as the bedhaya and srimpi dance. However, in a wider sense, Javanese dance also includes the dances of Javanese commoners and villagers such as ronggeng, tayub, reog, and Kuda Lumping.
Raden Ayu Kartini, April 1879 – 17 September or sometimes known as Raden Ajeng Kartini, was a prominent Javanese and an Indonesian national heroine. Kartini was a pioneer in the area of women's rights for Indonesians.
A Rare Historical Look At Old Indonesia - 25 Photos Taken Pre-1920
'An independent Republic of Indonesia had been declared . Gangs of young men, called 'pemuda', patrolled the streets with bamboo spears and sabre-like swords shouting 'Merdka!' as they hunted for Dutchmen to kill.