Neanderthal depiction (stock image). Neanderthals lived in the Middle Paleolithic, the middle period of the Old Stone Age. This period encompasses the time from roughly 200,000 to 40,000 before our times. Credit: © procy_ab / Fotolia

Neanderthals in Germany: First population peak, then sudden extinction -- ScienceDaily

Image of the cave discoveries. Credit: University of Leicester

Cave Discoveries Shed Light on Native, European Religious Encounters in Americas

Metatarsal (a) and (b) surface rendered models show medullary spongy bone infill and clear focalized cortical destruction near the periosteal margin; also evident on external cortical margin directly abutting malignant neoplasm is the characteristic hair on end bone reaction in (b). Credit: Edward Odes (Wits)

Cancer on a Paleo-diet? Ask someone who lived million years ago: Evidence of earliest cancer in homonin record found on South African fossils

This is a skull and body reconstruction of the new dinosaur species, Murusraptor barrosaensis. Credit: Coria et al (2016); CCAL

A new species of megaraptorid dinosaur discovered in Patagonia may help discern the evolutionary origins of the megaraptorid clade, according to a study published July 2016 in the open-access jour.

A specimen of the newly identified fossil species Ticinolepis crassidens (above) and of the species Ticinolepis longaeva. Credit: Adriana López-Arbarello

A specimen of the newly identified fossil species Ticinolepis crassidens (above) and of the species Ticinolepis longaeva.

A slab of rock from a study site in Nevada harbors many specimens of Metabolograptus extraordinarius, a shallow-water graptolite species, which together with some close relatives, replaced all the formerly dominant species following the end-Ordovician mass extinction. Credit: Charles E. Mitchell

For ancient deep-sea plankton, a long decline before extinction - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) flying. Credit: © Yuval Helfman / Fotolia

New research challenges a long-held hypotheses about how flight first developed in birds.

Global climate change caused by soot aerosol at the K-Pg boundary. Credit: Kunio Kaiho

A new hypothesis on the extinction of dinosaurs and ammonites at the end of the Cretaceous Period has been proposed by a research team from Tohoku University and the Japan Meteorological Agency's.

A bonobo, formerly called a pygmy chimpanzee, is eating fruit in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Bonobos, chimps, gorillas and humans have all evolved their own gut microbes based on an ancestral gut flora in our most recent common ancestor. Credit: Alexander Georgiev photo, courtesy of Science

Biologists home in on paleo gut for clues to our evolutionary history. The bacteria in our gut evolved with us and our hominid ancestors, new study shows