Ptah is one of the great Creator Gods of ancient Egypt. Khnum created creatures who lived upon Earth; Ptah created Earth and Sky to nourish and support their lives. Ptah created the world from his thoughts (long before the Hebrews adopted the concept). The ancient Egyptians believed that the mind resided in the heart. During the embalming process, they routinely threw away the brain and saved the heart. One of their central beliefs involved the weighing of the heart against the feather of Ma'at.
Thoth, Egypt - credited with the creation of a number of branches of knowledge (law, magic, philosophy, religion, science, and writing). An infallible judge capable of rendering completely just decisions. The Greeks admired him so greatly that they credited him as the originator of all knowledge on earth and in the heavens.
A Ushabti figure Tutankhamun's tomb contained 413 Ushabti figures, intended to represent the king and to help him with certain duties in the afterlife. Some are very simple, but others, such as the one here, were carved from wood and are portraits of the king. The figure is shown as a wrapped mummy wearing a gilded crown and holding the royal emblems, the Crook and the Flail.