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The term freighter is broadly used to describe any vessel that carries freight. However, a traditional freighter carries break bulk cargo as opposed to containerized cargo.

The term freighter is broadly used to describe any vessel that carries freight. However, a traditional freighter carries break bulk cargo as opposed to containerized cargo.

A Crude Oil Tanker is a liquid bulk vessel designed specifically to carry crude oil.  Distinguishing Features: Oil tankers come in all sizes, but the larger "supertankers" are truly giant vessels. The deck of a tanker is covered with pipes and pumps used to transport the crude oil from ship to shore or from hold to hold. All modern oil tankers are double-hulled to protect against oil spills in case of a collision.

A Crude Oil Tanker is a liquid bulk vessel designed specifically to carry crude oil. Distinguishing Features: Oil tankers come in all sizes, but the larger "supertankers" are truly giant vessels. The deck of a tanker is covered with pipes and pumps used to transport the crude oil from ship to shore or from hold to hold. All modern oil tankers are double-hulled to protect against oil spills in case of a collision.

An LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Carrier is designed to transport natural gas that has been cooled at high pressure and extremely low temperature (-260ºF) until it contracts into a liquid. LNG compresses to 1/600th of its original volume.  Distinguishing Features: LNG spherical storage tanks are positioned half below and half above the deck.  Size or Length: A conventional LNG carrier has a carrying capacity of 135,000 cubic meters. The largest LNG tanker has a capacity of 145,000 cubic…

An LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Carrier is designed to transport natural gas that has been cooled at high pressure and extremely low temperature (-260ºF) until it contracts into a liquid. LNG compresses to 1/600th of its original volume. Distinguishing Features: LNG spherical storage tanks are positioned half below and half above the deck. Size or Length: A conventional LNG carrier has a carrying capacity of 135,000 cubic meters. The largest LNG tanker has a capacity of 145,000 cubic…

A Bulk Carrier is designed to carry dry bulk cargo.  Distinguishing Features: A bulk carrier typically has a flush deck with numerous waterproof hatches covering holds into which bulk cargo is stored. Some bulk carriers have deck cranes.  Size or Length: Bulk carrier vessels vary greatly in size depending upon the intended cargo and regions served. They range from 10,000 DWT (deadweight tons) to 364,000 dwt in capacity. The longest bulk carrier is 1125ft (343m) in length.

A Bulk Carrier is designed to carry dry bulk cargo. Distinguishing Features: A bulk carrier typically has a flush deck with numerous waterproof hatches covering holds into which bulk cargo is stored. Some bulk carriers have deck cranes. Size or Length: Bulk carrier vessels vary greatly in size depending upon the intended cargo and regions served. They range from 10,000 DWT (deadweight tons) to 364,000 dwt in capacity. The longest bulk carrier is 1125ft (343m) in length.

A Heavy Lift Vessel is designed to carry extremely large and/or heavy items that cannot be transported in or on other vessels. Semi-submersible types are designed to transport, lift and unload very large floating objects, including damaged ships. Ro-Ro/heavy lift vessels also exist. Distinguishing Features: Heavy lift vessels have extremely large cargo decks, unusual deck and pilothouse configurations to accommodate unusual types of cargo and very high-capacity on-deck cranes.

A Heavy Lift Vessel is designed to carry extremely large and/or heavy items that cannot be transported in or on other vessels. Semi-submersible types are designed to transport, lift and unload very large floating objects, including damaged ships. Ro-Ro/heavy lift vessels also exist. Distinguishing Features: Heavy lift vessels have extremely large cargo decks, unusual deck and pilothouse configurations to accommodate unusual types of cargo and very high-capacity on-deck cranes.

A Ro-Ro (Roll-on Roll-off) vessel is designed to transport motor vehicles or any other rolling stock.  Distinguishing Features: Ro-Ro vessels have a hinged ramp, typically offset at the stern, that allows motor vehicles (automobiles, trucks, trailers, farm tractors, etc.) to drive on and off the vessel.  Size or Length: Ro-Ro vessels are typically very large. The largest Ro-Ro vessel is 789.34ft (240.6m) in length, with a tonnage of 67,140 gross tons and 34,376 dwt.

A Ro-Ro (Roll-on Roll-off) vessel is designed to transport motor vehicles or any other rolling stock. Distinguishing Features: Ro-Ro vessels have a hinged ramp, typically offset at the stern, that allows motor vehicles (automobiles, trucks, trailers, farm tractors, etc.) to drive on and off the vessel. Size or Length: Ro-Ro vessels are typically very large. The largest Ro-Ro vessel is 789.34ft (240.6m) in length, with a tonnage of 67,140 gross tons and 34,376 dwt.

Container Vessels: A Container Vessel is designed to carry uniform-sized ocean freight containers of 20ft (6m) or 40ft (12m) length, 8ft width, and 8.5ft to 9.5ft height.     Distinguishing Features: Containers are loaded into tall slots that extend from three to six containers below deck to three to six containers above deck. The containers are then connected at the corners with locking devices.

Container Vessels: A Container Vessel is designed to carry uniform-sized ocean freight containers of 20ft (6m) or 40ft (12m) length, 8ft width, and 8.5ft to 9.5ft height. Distinguishing Features: Containers are loaded into tall slots that extend from three to six containers below deck to three to six containers above deck. The containers are then connected at the corners with locking devices.


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