Many cases of malnutrition were among the natives of Samboja, thirty eight miles from Balikpapan, when Australian troops captured the town. Here a war correspondent hands food to one of the sufferers from the Japanese occupation.
'An independent Republic of Indonesia had been declared . Gangs of young men, called 'pemuda', patrolled the streets with bamboo spears and sabre-like swords shouting 'Merdka!' as they hunted for Dutchmen to kill.
Declaration of Independence 17 August, In ancient times Indonesisa was known as Nusantara. This term is now used by the Indonesians to describe the islands from Sabang to Merauke. This word was first recorded in Middle Javanese literature century to the