Freedoms, as given by the council of the Nineteen of the Chartered West India Company to all those who want to establish a colony in New Netherland. 1630.
(New Amsterdam in 1664.) New Amsterdam was a 17th-century Dutch colonial settlement on the southern tip of Manhattan Island that served as capital city of New Netherland. It was renamed New York in 1665 in honor of the Duke of York (later James II of England) when English forces seized control of Manhattan along with the rest of the Dutch colony.
The Fall of New Amsterdam, by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris. Peter Stuyvesant (left of center, with wooden leg) stands on shore among residents of New Amsterdam who plead with him not to fire on the English warships.
Not all the early settlers to New York were Dutch. They included Walloons (from what is now Belgium), French people and English people. The first Jews arrived in New Amsterdam in 1654. Meanwhile the first black slaves arrived in 1628. Slaves played a major role in building the colony.
The Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, now New York, received its first large shipment of slaves directly from Africa in 1655.
"Fort Orange, from which de Hooges wrote his report, was the settlement that later became Albany, after the British took over the Dutch possessions in this part of the New World."
New York When It Was Still Amsterdam – Earthly Mission
A pen drawing of two men in 16th-century Dutch clothing presenting an open box of items to a group of Native Americans in feather headdresses stereotypical of plains tribes. Peter Minuit is credited with the purchase of the island of Manhattan in 1626.