African American Women
National Women's History Museum
·Celebrating African American women throughout history and their achievements!
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When Daisy Bates was three years old her mother was killed by three white men. Although Bates, was just a child, her biological mother’s death made an emotional and mental imprint on her. The unfortunate death forced Bates to confront racism at an early age and pushed her to dedicate her life to ending racial injustice.
World renowned performer, World War II spy, and activist are few of the titles used to describe Josephine Baker. One of the most successful African American performers in French history, Baker’s career illustrates the ways entertainers can use their platforms to change the world.
"Charity is Ever Kind"
African American women provided essential aid to people living in contraband camps during the Civil War. Elizabeth Keckly, most famously known as the dressmaker for Mrs. Lincoln, was one of the women who established a relief aid for people living in D.C. Click here to learn more!
"Maggie L. Walker,a civil rights activist & trail blazing entrepreneur.The African American community leader devoted her life to defeating racism,sexism & economic oppression.Mrs. Walker chartered a bank, a newspaper & a store 17 years before American women had the right to vote, & fostered black entrepreneurialism when Southern Jim Crow laws threatened African American lives & progress.Born in Richmond,VA she was the 1st woman in the U.S. to found a bank & serve as its president." Biddy Craft
African women were involuntary immigrants to Jamestown. The privateer White Lion brought “20 and odd Negroes” in 1619. The 1620 census listed 17 African females among the settlement’s 928 residents. Over the ensuing centuries, the mingling of people from different cultures, classes, and conditions of servitude led to the development of America's distinctive culture.#womenshistory
Primary Sources — History of U.S. Woman's Suffrage
Ida B. Wells fought hard to shed light on the racism that still existed in the country after abolition. While living in Memphis, Tennessee, Wells wrote many essays on the terrible treatment of freed African Americans. This editorial focused on the lynching of three men that occurred in Memphis in 1892.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Journalist Ida B. Wells was an avid suffragist and an early Civil Rights leader, who used the power of the pen to challenge racial & sexual discrimination. In 1892, Wells published “Southern Horrors: Lynch Laws in All Its Phases” a scathing exposé of lynching practices. In retaliation for her articles, a mob destroyed her Memphis printing press, and after numerous threats to her life, Wells moved to Chicago to continue her anti-lynching campaign. womenshistory.org National Women's History Museum
On March 27, 1961, four female and five male Tougaloo College students, known as the Tougaloo Nine organized a read-in at the Jackson Municipal Library. After the group began to study in the whites only library, a staff member called the police and the nine students were arrested and jailed. Their actions helped launch Mississippi’s civil rights movement. Pictured: Janice Jackson, Evelyn Pierce, and Ethel Sawyer being arrested. womenshistory.org | #WomensHistory #TougalooNine #BlackHistory
Biography: Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and women’s rights activist Sojourner Truth delivered her most famous speech “Ain’t I a Woman?” at a women’s rights conference in Akron, Ohio. It became a classic speech of the women’s rights movement. More: womenshistory.org | National Women's History Museum | #SojournerTruth #WomensHistoy #BlackWomeninHistory