Woman making cotton thread. 1906 Liberia. Johnston, Harry Hamilton, 1858-1927. Source: Liberia by Sir Harry Johnston ; with an appendix on the flora of Liberia by Dr. Otto Stapf ; 28 coloured illustrations by Sir Harry Johnston, 24 botanical drawings by Miss Matilda Smith, 402 black and white illustrations from the author's drawings and from photographs by the author and others. Liberia, volume 1
Mrs. Weeks would work with her children and grandchildren, ages 4-13, to string wooden buttons. The children in this family were able to go to school, but after school and on holidays, they would join in to help string the buttons. Even with all the extra hands, Mrs. Weeks rarely made more than $7 a month, approximately $180 in today’s currency.
Old Singapore - the legendary Samsui women - young unmarried women from China who arrived in Singapore with the earliest of immigrants in the 1820s. Adorned with their trademark red "hat", they performed menial jobs in the early construction industry. The Samsui women saved money for retirement and for trips back to China to visit relatives.
Winding Yarn on Spindle, Algeria The spun yarn kept stretched by the spindle weight is first wrapped about the fingers as it is drawn in. Later it is unwrapped from them as it iswound upon spindle. ~~ Image from page 71 of "Yarn and cloth making; an economic study; a college and normal schools text preliminary to fabric study, and a reference for teachers of industrial history and art in secondary and elementary schools" (1918)
A Kwakiutl Indian Spinner Here the lower spindle-arm is rolled on the lower leg for twisting. Image from page 63 of "Yarn and cloth making; an economic study; a college and normal schools text preliminary to fabric study, and a reference for teachers of industrial history and art in secondary and elementary schools" (1918)